Monaco is a tiny independent city-state on France’s Mediterranean coastline. Its history started in 1215, when the Grimaldi family started building their castle, which is still today the Prince’s Palace. The family wanted to attract new inhabitants, and they offered advantageous conditions to newcomers, such as territorial concessions and tax exemptions. The official language is French, but Italian and English are widely spoken. The traditional Monegasque language is only spoken amongst elders and is taught at the local schools.