Argentina is a large country in the southern part of South America, bordering Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Chile. It is the largest Spanish speaking nation in the world. Its capital is Buenos Aires. The Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are also a part of Argentina. It is a founding member of the United Nations, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, Mercosur, the Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States.
The furthest points north and south in this country are separated by 3,460 km, which means you can enjoy everything from sunny beaches on the Mar del Plata to trips through glacial landscapes.
Among the many tourist attractions are the Iguazu Falls, which were declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. As was Peninsula Valdes with its fascinating wildlife including elephant seals, sea lions, penguins, orcas, and, between July and November, the southern right whale. In Los Glaciares National Park, you can find the bobcat, ferret, Andean deer, and cougar, among others, and tour the Perito Moreno glacier. The city of Mendoza is famous for its Mount of Aconcagua and its Malbec wine.
Among unequalled mountainous landscapes is Bariloche, whose architecture preserves the traditional alpine-village style and boasts quality tourist infrastructure. The estuaries and lagoons of Ibera make up a rich ecosystem with a tremendous diversity of flora and fauna. Surrounded by the Martial Mounts Range and the Beagle Channel, Ushuaia, capital of the Tierra de Fuego province, is the southernmost city in the world.
Argentina's capital, Buenos Aires, is energetic and seductive. The "Porteños", as local residents are referred to, have a rich cultural identity. City of contrasts, the neighbourhoods are small and each with individual characteristics; the historic centre is formed by Monserrat and San Telmo.